This blog is the second in a series that addresses the five main technologies for manifold operation and control. Read below for a brief write-up on hydraulically-operated high-pressure manifolds.
While manually-operated manifolds are quite common in oil & gas applications today, the second most popular technology for operating manifolds is hydraulics. Hydraulically-driven manifolds have been around for decades and they have a few distinct advantages over their manually-operated counterpart: safety, power density, user-friendliness, and reduction in manpower . Manually-operated manifolds require a technician to be at the manifold skid, potentially putting the technician in harm’s way. They must also use a gear operator or valve bar to rotate the plug and choke valves. This is a labor-intensive process, especially if being performed with high pressure, high velocity media flowing through the manifold. Incorporating a hydraulic power unit (HPU) and hydraulic actuators dramatically reduces the manpower needed to operate the manifold.
- High Power Density: high pressure of hydraulics provides for compact, lightweight actuators
- User-friendly Operation: individual valve functions are easily controlled with manual handles or push buttons
- Reliability: robust components and hydraulic conductors
- Safety: HPU or hydraulic control panel can be located away from the high pressure, high velocity manifold
- Hazardous Certification: system incorporates low-cost components that meet hazardous area requirements such as air-driven pressure intensifiers, hydraulically-piloted directional control valves, and hydraulically-operated plug and choke valves
- Operational Costs: hydraulic automation drives down labor costs needed to operate the manifold
- Operator Mobility: HPU and/or hydraulic control panel are tethered to the manifold
- Maintenance: fluid conditioning/filtration requires routine management
- Environment: high potential for leaks due to numerous hydraulic components and connections (can be mitigated with drip pans and environmentally-considerate hydraulic fluids)
- Footprint: hydraulic equipment such as the control panel, HPU, and fluid conductors increases size, space, and weight consumption on work site
- Startup: additional time to connect manifold with the remote hydraulic control panel, HPU, and numerous hoses
- Installed Cost: the additional equipment and maintenance requires a greater capital expenditure compared to manually-operated manifolds
Hydraulically-operated manifolds are a field-proven technology embraced within the well stimulation market. Hydraulic fluid power is reliable, user-friendly, and provides ease of automation for the manifold’s plug and choke valves. While reducing manpower is a strong benefit for manifold operators, one must also consider the bulkiness and weight of the added hydraulic equipment. However, these items can be remotely placed such that a technician can control the manifold from a safe distance.
The following blogs in this series will cover the three remaining operating technologies (pneumatic, electric, wireless).